Thursday, March 1, 2012

Education faces the Third World: Educations article


Education faces the Third World

Education faces the Third World
In contrast to countries such as Germany, England, Holland, Australia, compulsory education (compulsory education) is coercive. When school-age children not in school, the parents can be entangled sanctions. However, the government facilitates the demanding obligations. Unfortunately, in the middle of the lack of funds and high levels of corruption, the Government of Indonesia adopted the concept of force is impressed. As a result, fourth-year free education program implementation had not yet shown up.


Indonesia is not only to adopt the education system in developed countries. Third world countries such as Argentina and India as well. There is a huge success, there is also a program that is still far from the expected target.

Speaking of free schools, certainly not out of the nine-year compulsory education program, curriculum, and the concept of education in the country. Provision of compulsory education for example. The program was first launched in 1984 it goes to bias. Although mandatory, the fact that the program is nothing more than an appeal.

In contrast to countries such as Germany, England, Holland, Australia, compulsory education (compulsory education) is coercive. When school-age children not in school, the parents can be entangled sanctions. However, the government facilitates the demanding obligations. Unfortunately, in the middle of the lack of funds and high levels of corruption, the Government of Indonesia adopted the concept of force is impressed. As a result, fourth-year free education program implementation had not yet shown up.

As stated Director of Junior Development Ministry Didik Suhardi, although the gross enrollment rate (GER) junior high school students nationwide reached 96.18 percent, has not been evenly spread. Some provinces, counties, and cities are still there who have GER below 80 percent.

The maximum target recognition is not well recognized Mudjito, Director of Development Ministry of Education kindergartens and elementary schools. Although the enrollment rate (NER) Elementary school equal to 2008 has reached 94.81 percent, it's still pretty hard to achieve the ideal figure of 97 percent. Pursued because it targets, the government prioritize the completion of compulsory education (elementary and junior high). In fact, according to Bambang Indrianto, Secretary of Directorate General of Primary and Secondary Education Ministry, although a change of top leadership will state, free education program assessed will still run. "It's too risky to change the policies that have reached the progressive stage," he said.


Glancing Other Countries
Education faces the Third World
For memory refresher, let us briefly glance at the mechanism of free primary education that took place in several other countries. In India, the country's population of one billion people is a country other than Indonesia, which signed the Declaration on Education For All (EFA) in Dakar, Senegal. Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Mexico, Egypt, Nigeria, and Pakistan are also taking part.

India, despite having received a strong foundation of educational system of Britain, former colonial, tackling illiteracy is still happening. No wonder the government, through the Department of Higher Education and the Department of School Education and Literacy, pushing the full establishment of high-quality educational institutions, followed by educational efforts to penetrate into the interior. However, efforts were still gasping. Until now, only the state of Kerala who achieved the target level.

Indian education system and substance use patterns of Western countries, which accommodates the basic education learners aged 6-14 years. Especially for those who can not join regular schools, children dropping out of school, child labor and children in a suburb that does not have access to school, the program was named Non-Formal Education (NFE).

The main focus of the pattern was meant to pick the 10 states that educational backwardness. Furthermore, forwarded to the countryside including the hilly areas, rural, and desert. Now, the program has grown up to 25 from 28 the number of states. As the implementing NFE is a social organization run voluntarily.

Unlike in Argentina. Countries with the most educated populations in Latin America has developed a literacy program for several periods. In 1970, Argentina has produced 92.65 percent of residents aged 15 years and over who are not illiterate. Even efforts to remove illiteracy Argentine government has done consistently since 1930.

The main foundation of this country's cultural development is a primary school.
Argentina used the education system in France. Early education began at age five (pre-school stage).

After that, students will go through three stages of education for three years for each stage. The first and second stage is the primary school at age 6 to 11 years (EGB1 and EGB2). In the third stage there is little or EGB3 high school (at age 11 to 14 years). In Argentina, people are not subject to the higher secondary education. Any person aged 6-14 years of compulsory schooling.

As a result, Argentina has a high literacy rate compared to other countries in South America. Again, economic factors are enough good people of Argentina to support the implementation of the program.

Having experienced it, the Government of Indonesia is also oriented toward educational equity. In Indonesia, through free schools program, the education system is also targeting the entry level (basic education). To support the program, in addition to the school operational assistance, the government launched a relief operation of quality management. Components in this year of 90,000 dollars per student for high school students and 120,000 rupiah for students for junior high / vocational "education covering all elements of society, just continue with the quality of education," said Bambang about the grand design of the basic education system in Indonesia.

Education faces the Third World
Education faces the Third World: Educations article

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