Monday, February 27, 2012

Learning From the Education System in Iran

Learning From the Education System in Iran
Learning From the Education System in Iran
The territory of Iran into the category of middle eastern countries that has an area of ​​1,648,195 square kilometers with a population in 2006 of 7,270,198 inhabitants. Economic levels in 2006 in the State are classified as medium in 2004 amounted to U.S. $ 2439. The country's HDI ranks to 96 from 177 countries. And EDI to 86 out of 125 countries.
According to the document approved by the supreme council of education in 1998, the national development is a key goal for education is to increase productivity, achieve social and national integration, managing the social values, moral and spiritual with an emphasis on strengthening and encouragement of the Islamic faith. Purposes approved council also stressed the role of education in people resource development for economic levels of different and therefore education is seen as an investment for the future

Learning From the Education System in Iran: Education Budget
Education Ministry budget in 1996 was 6130 billion riyals, is 3.8% of the State budget. RI approved budget is 5455.6 billion riyals, but to provide bailout funds for the ministries of education, some extra additional funds have been allocated and the education budget increased to 6130 billion riyals RI. In addition, to increase the budget, several agreements have been approved for two years to provide new funding sources for the ministry of education.
In 2003, total funding of education (including basic education up to pre-university) a RI 39, 880 billion riyals, or 12% of the total state budget in 2001.
Learning From the Education System in Iran: Role of Government
The school system is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education and Training. In addition to schools, the Ministry also has responsibility for some teacher training and some technical institutes. Department of Education employs the highest number of civil servants and 42% of the total received 21% of the national budget. A total of 15,018,903 students were enrolled in schools with 87 024 485 186 classes across the country in the academic year 1990-1991. The details are as follows: 509 schools for children with disabilities, TK 3586, 59 280 primary schools, 15 580 Junior High School, 4515 High School, 380 School of Engineering, Business Studies and 405 vocational schools, 64 School of Agriculture, 238 cities and 182 rural primary school teachers' training colleges, seven vocational and professional training of teachers and 19 university institutes of technology. 2259 There are also schools for adult education.
Learning From the Education System in Iran:  Pre-School Education
Education before primary school taken a year and serves children aged 5 years. Prior to primary school education is not compulsory. There is no exam at the end of this school and the children are automatically proceed to the next level.
Learning From the Education System in Iran: Primary education
The elementary school is the first stage of formal education and the law is mandatory. And taken for 5 years and primary school entry age is 6 years old. The students take exams at the end of the fifth degree, and if they pass a basic graduation diploma
Learning From the Education System in Iran: Secondary Education
Learning From the Education System in Iran
Secondary education comprises two stages, lower secondary school and high school. Lower secondary schools taken over 3 years (age group 11-13 years). Eight years of education consisting of primary and lower secondary schools are categorized as basic education.
3-year program is for high school students who have graduated from lower secondary school. Subjects offered at the high school can be classified into three areas: academic, technical, and vocational and Kar-Danesh (skills of science, a branch of flexible vocational).
One year pre-university courses available for those who successfully graduate from high school academic majors. For those who majored in engineering and vocational students who have graduated high school may enroll in a two-year program that can deliver on it, including the university, collage and higher education centers. Who can go to college are those who have graduated high school and successfully passed the college entrance exams. University to become a university in general and specific, comprehensive technological universities, open universities, Islamic azad university, and university medical

Learning From the Education System in Iran: Education Curriculum
Pre-school education in the Education System in Iran
In the pre-school level students are taught about learning language support, introductory math and science concepts, especially on religious values ​​and beliefs. It also includes on-skills activities such as crafts, cutting, printing, drawing, storytelling, play, and exercise.
Primary education in the Education System in Iran
Primary curriculum focus is on developing basic skills in reading and mathematics, environmental studies on the theme of physical and social phenomena, and religious learning. All subjects and textbooks for primary schools is decided and prepared at the central level.
Secondary education in the Education System in Iran
Lower secondary education in the Education System in Iran
Minority religious groups perform their specific learning and there is a specific reading list for Sunni groups. Required to pass all subjects in different majors. Learning to use the Persian language at all levels. For the bilingual area, then held a one-month course to teach the keys to the concept of language before the new school year begins. Trials conducted at the end of third grade held by the district and provincial level.
Upper secondary education in the Education System in Iran
High school is for students who have graduated primary school. Subjects offered in the department are grouped as follows:
Academic department: This department goal is to promote general knowledge and culture. Artifacts final exam administered by the national level and for the Siwa who received a diploma graduate.
Technical and vocational education majors: The School consists of three areas: technical and vocational agriculture. Now there are 30 fields in technical and vocational education (TVE). Shiva TVE educational qualifications can also get in on the institutions offering engineering programs and skilled certified first.
Department of kar-Danesh (knowledge skills): Each kar-Danesh has developed under the syllabus of secondary education secretariat of this educational process includes 400 skill, unlike the other majors. This is a competency-based education. Students who successfully awarded a diploma skilled level II, and diploma.

Education in Iran has a pre-school education 1 year, 5 years of basic education, basic secondary education 3 years, 3 years of upper secondary education. Upper secondary education is divided into: major academic, technical and vocational subjects, subjects kar-Danesh. Education Education in Iran on hold by the Ministry of Education and Training.
Learning From the Education System in Iran
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