Friday, February 24, 2012

education system in the Cambodia: Study tour


education system in the Cambodia: Study tour
education system in the Cambodia
System of education in the State of Cambodia is not much in the French education system, namely the schools founded by religious people. Cambodia which covers 181 000 km and has a climate similar to the State of Indonesia, the tropical climate.
Education System in Cambodia on the outline consists of three kinds, namely:

People's Education System.
Buddhist education.
Private education.
People's Education System


Traditional education in Cambodia based on the local education taught by religious teachers. The subject is required to memorize the lessons of Buddhism. During the French occupation of the education system adopted the French education system, apart from the traditional education.

In 1931 AD in Cambodia there are only seven people who studied at the College, the funds in the year AD 1936 there were only about 50,000 to 60,000 children enrolled in primary school learning. From the early 20th century until 1975 AD that the education system implemented is education of the people and education in the State of France. Education system consists of three levels, namely:

1) Primary School.

2) Secondary School

3) High School

4) Private Schools.
education system in the Cambodia
Education of the people are under the legal auspices of the Ministry of Education, which uses full control over the existing system, which is like creating your own syllabus, hiring and paying teachers, prepare inventories and establish control-school supervision. A warden at the elementary school should have authority, and the inspectors now exists in every province. Cultural Committee was under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education has the responsibility to develop and enrich the language of Cambodia.

Basic education is divided into two parts with each part of three years. Successful completion of education at each of its parts will get a certificate of recognition. Primary School Curriculum in Cambodia consists of: arithmetic, history, ethics, citizenship, military service, geography, health, language, and science, psychology and education plus manual labor.

Teaches French in the second year. Khmer language is taught first grade school section, and the French language elementary school in the second, beginning in the 1970s.

Khmer language is used more broadly to the two primary Darin. In 1980, primary education starts from level one to level four.

education system in the Cambodia
School is also divided into two parts, three years for continued and annually prepared prior to university. To complete the degree must complete courses in parts (fade). To complete the first two years in two parts, and students will complete most of his lessons, so that a bachelor's degree (BA), and followed by resolution of the final exams they have passed similar to the full degree.
Advanced curriculum in Cambodia is similar to the existing curriculum advanced in France. Beginning in 1967, toga last year of secondary school is divided into three settlement that it contains three main subjects, namely:

Mathematics and Biology.
Agriculture.
Biology.
At the end of the 1960s and early 1970s, the city put more pressure on the education of engineering education. In IRK reduced six-year secondary education.

Higher education lags behind primary and secondary education until the end of the 1950s. In the late 1950's, there were 250 higher education students. Many students studying in France, but after Cambodia gain independence, students learn to multiply and their university study in the United States, Canada, China, the Soviet Union and West Germany.

The most widely studied in universities is Phnom Penh, close to 4570 students and 730 female college students in eight faculties:

The Secretary and the Society.
Science and Technology.
Law and Economics.
Medicine.
Pharmacy.
Trade Studies.
Teacher Training
Higher Teacher Training.
Many universities are opened in several provinces such as Kampong Cham province, Takev, Batdambang, and in Phnom Penh alone. But in 1970, the three provinces that make the university tutp due to war and was closed until an unspecified time.

During the Khmer Rouge regime came to power in Cambodia, education devastated and almost no time, after nearly two decades of the Cambodian people can read and write. Having taken over by the Khmer Rouge began a lot of illiterate again. Schools are closed, and the education of the people died. In the year 1970 approximately 20 000 teachers who live in Cambodia, then there are only about 5,000 teachers only in the last ten years. Almost 90% of teachers have been murdered in the power of the Khmer Rouge regime. Only about 725 teachers at the university, 2,300 teachers in high school, and approximately 21 311 teachers in primary schools that can sustain life during the reign of the Khmer Rouge regime. After the Khmer forces out of Cambodia, the education system began to be rebuilt from scratch, or base, because it does not exist at all. Illiteracy in Cambodia any more than than 40% and children aged under 14 years too many who lack basic education.

Education began to be built slowly and surely, and built by the power of the CRP. In the year 1986 began construction of higher education. Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy was opened in 1980, Faculty of agriculture began operations in 1985, the Language Institute consisting of Vietnamese, German, Russian, and Spanish. Faculty of Commerce was opened in 1979 and also the Faculty of Education Vickeri stated that the government and the people began enthusiastically to education and the first priority on the end of 1984 began to teach a foreign language.

Martin described the essence of education is built PRK shut down of the education system in Vietnam, but began to find common ground for the primary and secondary schools that began to change from directly modeled as the education system in Vietnam. PRK in power, there is still a basic education up to grade six, and continuing education level up to grade three. Martin also manuliskan, not every child and youth to school because the school is only in a small town in the suburbs while still requiring a similar school. Community workers usually pay 25 riel per month to pay for school children, and some are reaching up to 150 riel.

Buddhist Religious Education

Before the French adopted the system of education, teaching Buddhism already taught by the monks of the temple is straight as a teacher. The monks who became great respect for the teacher education functions as taught in the Buddhist doctrine and history that exist regardless of the pros and cons. In the education of the young men and women are not allowed to study in the institutions except for read, write the Khmer language, and follow the basic teachings in Buddhism.

In 1933, further education system for the new student system was created by Buddhist teachings. As in the Pali schools provide three years to master the device to sit down and received education in a Buddhist university of Phnom Penh.

The curriculum consists of Buddhist lessons learned in Pali, the Buddhist doctrine, and Khmer. In addition it also acquired mathematics, Cambodian history, geography, science, health, citizenship, agriculture. Buddhism is in the Ministry of Religious Affairs.

Nearly 600 Buddhist primary schools, with students more than 10,000 students and 800 monks as teachers, and this lasted until 1962. In this level students continue their study to the Preah Sihanouk Raj Buddist university which was built in 1959.

Buddhist Institute began conducting research and research in the Royal library, built in 1930. Many well-known stories in Cambodia, including the story of a complete collection of the Tripitaka teachings of Buddhism itself, which translated into Khmer. There is no accurate information about what we can see a Buddhist temple until in 1987 ni.

Private education

To divide the immigrant population in Cambodia, private education plays an important role in the years before the communists out of Cambodia. Some private schools began to operate and carried out by ethnic or religious minority population. National minorities such as China, Vietnam, Europe, Roman Catholics, and Muslims, they teach the teaching of language, culture, and religion.

They established schools of education are also preparing for the indigenous population. The presence of several private schools, especially those in Phnom Penh and the participants would learn a lot of immigrants and most are still family.

Private education system is composed of Chinese language schools, French language schools, English language schools, language schools Khmer. Students studying in these schools began to grow from about 32,000 people in 1960 to 53 500 people in 1970, and the output of this school there are about 19,000 people each period.
education system in the Cambodia


education system in the Cambodia
education system in the Cambodia
education system in the Cambodia
education system in the Cambodia
education system in the Cambodia

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