Princeton University, located in Princeton, New Jersey, is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. One of the leading universities in the country, Princeton has the field of architecture, engineering, and international and public affairs both undergraduate and graduate well-known. Research carried out in many areas, including plasma physics and jet propulsion. The university is associated with the Brookhaven National Laboratories.
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Princeton University is a private research university located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. This is one of the eight universities of the Ivy League, and one of the nine Colonial Colleges founded before the American Revolution.
Princeton provides undergraduate and graduate instruction in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering. Princeton does not have the faculty of medicine, law, divinity, or business, but offer professional degrees through the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and School of Architecture.
Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth, New Jersey, as the College of New Jersey, the university moved to Newark in 1747, then to Princeton in 1756 and renamed Princeton University in 1896. (College of New Jersey today in nearby Ewing, New Jersey, is the institution that are not related.)
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Princeton is the fourth chartered institution of higher education in the American colonies. Although it once had close ties with the Presbyterian Church, has never been affiliated with any denomination, and today there is no requirement to impose religion on students. The University has a relationship with the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton Theological Seminary, and Westminster Choir College of Rider University.
Princeton has been associated with 35 Nobel Laureates, 17 National Medal of Science winners, and three winners of the National Humanities Medal. On a per-student basis, Princeton has the largest university endowments in the world.
New Light Presbyterians established the College of New Jersey, later Princeton University, in 1746 to train ministers dedicated to their views. This campus is the capital of religious education and Scotch-Irish American. In 1756, the college moved to Princeton, New Jersey. The house in Princeton was Nassau Hall, named for the royal house William III of England.
After the untimely death of the first five presidents of Princeton, John Witherspoon became president in 1768 and remained in that office until his death in 1794. During his presidency, Witherspoon shifting the focus of the ministerial training college to prepare new generation for leadership in the new American nation. To this end, he tightened academic standards and the investment required on campus. President Witherspoon is a long period of stability for the college, interrupted by the American Revolution and in particular the Battle of Princeton, where British troops briefly occupied Nassau Hall, the American forces led by George Washington, the cannon fired on the building to evict them from it.
Before the construction of Stanhope Hall in 1803, Nassau Hall was the only building colleges. During the summer of 1783, the Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall, making Princeton the nation's capital for four months. Over the centuries and through two major re-design after the fire, the role of Nassau Hall to shift from a mixed-use building, consisting of offices, dormitories, libraries, and classrooms, for the exclusive classrooms, for this role as the administrative center of the University. Class of 1879 donated a twin stone lions flanking the entrance until 1911, when it replaced the same class with the tiger.
James McCosh served as the college's president in 1868 and lifted the body out of the low periods that have been brought by the American Civil War. During two decades of service, he recast the curriculum, overseeing the expansion of scientific investigations, and supervised the addition of a number of buildings in the High Victorian Gothic style to the campus. McCosh Hall is named in his honor.
In 1896, the college officially changed its name from the College of New Jersey to Princeton University to honor the city where he resides. During this year, the college also has a large expansion and officially became a university. Under Woodrow Wilson, Princeton introduced a cyclic system of education in 1905, then-unique concept of the standard lecture method of teaching coupled with a more personal form where small groups of students, or precepts, could interact with a single instructor, or teacher, in the field their interest.
In 1969, Princeton University first admitted women as students. In 1887, the university really cared for and managed a sister college, Evelyn College for Women, in the town of Princeton in the streets of Evelyn and Nassau. It closed after about a decade of operation. After a discussion that fails to Sarah Lawrence College to relocate to the Princeton women's college and joined the University in 1967, the government decided to admit women and turned to the issue of changing the school operations and facilities to be female-friendly campus. The Government recently completed this plan in April 1969 when the admissions office began sending letters of acceptance. Five-year coeducation plan provided $ 7,800,000 for the development of new facilities that will eventually house and educate 650 women students at Princeton in 1974. In the end, 148 women, which consisted of 100 freshmen and transfer students other years, entered Princeton on September 6, 1969 in the midst of much media attention. (Princeton's first graduate student enrolled, Sabra Follett Meserve, as a Ph.D. candidate in the history of Turkey in 1961 A number of undergraduate women had studied at Princeton from 1963 on,. Spent their first year there to study "critical languages" in which the supply Princeton exceed those of their home institutions they are considered regular students for their year in college. but not a candidate for the title of Princeton.)
As a result of a 1979 lawsuit by Sally Frank, Princeton eating clubs are asked to go coeducational in 1991, after an appeal Tiger Inn to the U.S. Supreme Court rejected.
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