Thursday, March 15, 2012

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN: World Education


INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN   
Qvae. Qvaa  Education this time of information about education and educational systems that exist in the country of Sweden. Information such as previous education, the educational information was the same this time, contain information about education and education systems in the Scandinavian tang Sweden.
Enjoy serving educational information and education system in Sweden.










I. FOREWORD INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN

Sweden is situated in the heart of Scandinavia has a characteristic and unique paradigm of industry led economy on the one hand and the welfare state on the other. As a country that is driven by industrial progress, Sweden relies on innovation and research and development as the spearhead of a series of wheels economy. This is reflected in the telecommunications sector and the rapid advancement of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), automotive, energy (the emphasis on sustainability) and trade. On the other hand, the government is still very dominant role in creating the welfare state, a condition when tax revenues are adequate to make basic services such as public transport, education and health care more affordable, accessible and integrated with each other so the quality is very good and reliable.

In addition, Sweden is also a country that is very successful in achieving the quality of human life, equality of rights between men and women, the low numbers of racial discrimination, as well as the application of the same law firm and rata.Hal is indicated by the high number of Human Development Index (HDI) ( rank-7 from 182 countries in 2009). Sweden is also among the very good quality of governance can be seen from the low level of corruption according to a report in The Transparency International and the high levels of E-government readiness index. Therefore, as a system, Sweden is a country that should be the benchmark, especially for other countries including Indonesia.

In addition, the attraction (pull factors) education in Sweden is increasing, because (until 2011), Sweden still enforce free education system for students. That is, the entire cost of education held by the free (some expenditure items will generally be related to the student textbook purchases and the provision of books). Education pattern which generally has a strong linkage between industry and universities also make competent Swedish educational output in industry and business.

Lecture at the Swedish system allows a very broad and equitable to all students whatever their nationality. This is in contrast to some other countries who specialize only a few classes to students from the country concerned (international program).



II. EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN

One of the education system in Sweden that can be applied in Indonesia at the level of secondary education is 'yrkesutbildning' or 'vocational education'. Sweden has a 'yrkesutbildning' at 'gymnasiet' or secondary school, and continued to the level of 'yrkeshögskolan'. The purpose of this study was to prepare a skilled workforce ready to work for operational and administrative level.


Indonesia had actually been applying the same education system, including vocational schools (SMK) and diploma courses of one, two, and three (D1, D2, D3). However, Indonesian students are less interested because of the minimal salary earned by graduates of this educational program when compared to graduates. Government education providers and institutions are also often menganaktirikan 'vocational education' with the lack of allocation of funds for this educational program. Another factor that led to 'developing vocational education'kurang in Indonesia is the lack of public awareness that a growing number of graduates who participated directly in the industrial sector will also contribute to accelerate the pace of economic growth.

In general, the higher education level, there are two pathways that can be applied education in Sweden, the Universitet and Högskolan. In contrast to the more Högskolan lead to a particular field (in Indonesia known as the College / Institute), such as engineering (Tekniska Högskola) danekonomi (Handelshögskola), Universitet has a broader scope and covers multiple disciplines. During its development, a Högskolan could expand its scientific competence and metamorphose into Universitet.

However, not all Tekniska Högskola have the same pattern of administration. For example, LTH (Lund Tekniska Högskola) still standing in the Lund Universitet. That is, faculty engineernya run under the LTH which has its own administration, but still coordinating with the Lund Universitet.

Once a student graduated in Gymnasiet (at the High School (SMU)), following the Bologna process SMU +3 (180 ETCS), then students will be given the opportunity to continue the education of three years in junior college and then get straight into the world of work (at the bachelor degree/S1). The second option is a graduate of bachelor of education degree and adds two years of study to earn a master's degree (S2). For engineering majors, for example, after completing five years of college, students will gain the title of "Civilingenjör". The title was awarded even though Sweden has adopted the Bologna system. This seems to only be applied internally in Sweden for the period of transition and no effect on foreign students.

Meanwhile, education S3 run with two reception paths. Vacancy PhD is the pathway to recruit students based on the needs of the university will research being carried out and the path to industrial PhD students who meet the funding needs independently. With the employment system, a PhD student does not have to pay for studies / research anything during their education. Instead they will get a set salary standards in conjunction with Labor Union. The standard salary will tend to increase with the completion of the doctoral education is taken. For example, a PhD student who received the initial level of 18,000 SEK will get a salary increase of 24 000 SEK after licentiate level and will be 30,000 SEK after graduating S3 and resume post doctoral level. (1 SEK = 0.1 EUR) \

In Sweden there is also a degree that can be taken licenciate a student of Master by adding two-year study period. For the industrial sector in Sweden, a PhD degree and a half is quite effective to accelerate the pace of career advancement.

Uniquely, the curriculum adopted by several universities in Sweden are not raw. Students can choose courses freely as long as desired to meet the requirements established universities. In general, the courses on offer consists of four levels, namely level A, B, C, and D. Level A and B belong to the basic level, while C and D classified as reserved for advanced level students who want to explore a particular subject.

The study period almost all the international master program lasts two years. However, some universities, such as the Lund University and Dalarna University, have the option of a one-year master program (60 credits) or two years (120 credits) for the same degree, especially for non-science fields of engineering.

Several universities in Indonesia are also working together U2U (university to university) with universities in Sweden. For example, the master program - exchange at Karlstad University can be reached within a year. Similarly, the cooperation program between UGM and Chalmers for some programs in Chemical Engineering.



III. TEST AND EVALUATION SYSTEM EDUCATION IN SWEDEN

As the majority of other European countries, the examination system of education institutions in Sweden is only done once, the final exam (with some of the assignment, paper or project report in it). However, there are many variations depending on the disciplines and universities. Some courses only emphasize on the paper and project report, while some disciplines also apply to the oral exam students.

ECTS grading system comparison, Sweden, and Indonesia / USA can be seen in the attachment.

Of plans to fully adopt the Bologna Process will lead to the scoring system in Sweden to transfer or convert all values ​​into numbers or letters, except for the thesis / internship / lab which is usually just a pass or fail (P / F). These changes are intended to facilitate credit transfer between universities in Europe. However, there are still some differences that make Sweden can not fully adopt the distribution of values ​​of the Bologna system, so that Sweden has its own criteria that were announced at the beginning of a lecture about the minimum requirements to obtain a certain value. Thus, students will know exactly what to prepare for graduation criteria they want.

The education system in Sweden is generally based on the period (1 period = 8 weeks). This is in contrast to the semester system, commonly found in Indonesia. System test is done once at each end of the period. If a student fails that test, there is still a chance to re-exam can be taken up to three times.

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN   

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN   

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN   

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN   

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN   

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN  

INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN 
INFORMATION EDUCATION SYSTEM IN SWEDEN : World Education

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