Friday, March 2, 2012

Education System in the Philippines: World Educatons


Education System in the Philippines
1. Geographical location of the Philippines
Education System in the Philippines 
The Philippines is a republic in Southeast Asia, north of Indonesia and Malaysia. Philippine capital of Manila. Official language used is Filipino language (Tagalog) and English. Is the republican form of government, led by the president and vice president.
Philippines consists of 7,107 islands with a total land area is estimated to 300,000 km ². The country is situated between 116 ° 40 'and 126 ° 34' T. longitude, and 4 ° 40 'and 21 ° 10' North Latitude. latitude. In the east she borders the Philippine Sea, on the west by the South China Sea, and on the south by the Celebes Sea. The island of Borneo lies a few hundred kilometers southwest and Taiwan in the north. Maluku and Sulawesi in the south, and east of the Palau.

2. History of the Philippines
Written legacy Philippines started around the 8th century by the findings of copper plates near Manila. From the inscription on the plate it is known that the Philippines under the influence of Srivijaya. However, this is very little written evidence that even the experts still think the history of the Philippines Philippine history began in the era of colonialism.
Before the Spaniards arrived in the 16th century, the Philippines stands the small kingdoms that affected the character of a little culture animism India and the character of Islam in the southern archipelago. These Muslim kingdoms had a strong influence of the Kingdom of Malacca.
Throughout the period of 265 years, the Philippines is a colony of the Kingdom of Spain (1565-1821) and during the next 77 years became the province of Spain (1821-1898). The country received the name of the Philippines after the Spanish king ruled by King Felipe II. After the Spanish-American War in 1898, the United States ruled the Philippines. He later became a commonwealth of the United States since 1935. The period of World War II the Commonwealth cut when the Philippines was under Japanese occupation. Philippines finally gained its independence (de facto) on July 4, 1946. Periods of foreign occupation is strongly influenced Philippine culture and society. The country is known to have a strong Roman Catholic Church and is one of two predominantly Catholic country in Asia except East Timor.
Philippines is often regarded as the only Southeast Asian country where the influence of Western culture was very strong. The Philippines is the most advanced country in Asia after World War II, but since then it has lagged behind other countries due to weak economic growth, the government's confiscation of wealth, widespread corruption, and the influence of neo-colonial. At present the Philippines experienced moderate economic growth, which contributed a lot of remittances by Filipino workers abroad and information technology sectors that are growing rapidly.
The problems of this country including the separatist Muslims in the south of Mindanao, rebels of New People's Army (New People's Army) is homage to the communists in rural areas, government policies are often inconsistent, the crime rate increasing , and environmental degradation such as deforestation and marine pollution. The Philippines also had a problem many people in urban areas due to lack of employment opportunities in rural areas and the high birth rate.
3. Education System in the Philippines

a. Pre-Primary Education
Pre-primary education provided for children aged 3-5 years. The programs offered vary as Nursery (Early Childhood Education) for children aged 3-4 years, Newbie  for ages 4-5 years, and School Preparation / elementary school for age 5-6 years.
b. Primary education
Elementary School, consists of 6 levels, some schools add an additional level (level-7). The levels are grouped into two main subdivisions, Primary Level (basic) includes the first 3 levels, and level of intermediates (continued) consists of 3 or 4 levels. Implementation of six years of primary education is compulsory and provided free in public schools.
(1) Public Schools
Core Subjects: Math, Science, English, Filipino, and MAKABAYAN (Social Science, Education Life, Values). At the 3rd level Science subjects are added. Other Subjects: Music, Art and Physical Education.
(2) Private School
Subjects: Mathematics, English, Science, Social Sciences, Basic Computer, Filipino, Music, Art and Technology, Economics, Health, Physical Education. In Catholic School Religious Education provided materials or Christian life. At International School and Chinese School provided additional subjects Language and Culture.
Introductory language is English. Language used in teaching Filipino and Filipino MAKABAYAN,
also used in addition to the regional languages ​​such as Cebuano, Hiligaynin, Bicolano, and Waray. Arabic is used in Islamic schools. In Chinese schools teach two additional Chinese Hokkien and Mandarin Chinese. International schools generally use English in all subjects.
National Elementary Achievement Test (NEAT), a national primary school exams, the orientation is as a measure of school competence, not as a measure of students' intelligence, was abolished in 2004, and in 2006 applied only to private school for high school entrance exams. NEAT with the abolition of the students do not need to produce any score to gain admission to state colleges. Department of Education and then change the NEAT and replace it with the National Achievement Test (NAT). Public and private elementary schools take this test to measure the competence of the school.
c. Secondary Education
Secondary school education in the Philippines consists of four years and provided free of charge in public schools, aimed at students aged 12-16. Secondary education is divided, that is, each level focuses on a particular theme or content, so often referred to as the high school. Secondary Education:
Year-to-1 (Freshman): Algebra I, Integrated Science, English I, Filipino I, and the History of the Philippines.
Year 2 (Sophomore): Algebra II, Biology, English II, Filipino II, History of Asia.
3rd year (Junior): Geometry, Chemistry, Filipino III, World History, and Geography.
Year-to-4 (Senior): Calculus, Trigonometry, Physics, Filipino IV, Literature, and Economics.
Additional subjects include Health, Advanced Computer Science, Music, Art, Technology, Economics, and Physical Education. At Exclusive Schools elective subjects offered include a wide range of languages, Computer Programming, Writing Letters, and others. Chinese schools provide an additional language and culture lessons. School Preparation (Pre-Higher Education) gave several courses of Business and Accounting, School of Science while giving the subjects Biology, Chemistry, and Physics at every level.
National Secondary Achievement Test (NSAT) managed by the Ministry of Education is an exam at the end of the 4th year high school, but was later abolished. Now every public or private school organizes its own entrance exam in Higher Education (College Entrance Examinations, CEE).
After completing secondary education, students may choose to take the Vocational Training 2 or 3 years or move on to Higher Education (University).
d. Technical and Vocational Education
Technical and Vocational Education (TESDA), is an educational body that oversees post-secondary technical and vocational education, including skills orientation, training and development outside of school youth and adult unemployment communities. TESDA is managed by the Manpower and Youth Council (NMYC) and internship programs of the Bureau of Local Employment (BLE), both from the Department for Work and Employment (Dole) in cooperation with the Bureau of Technical and Vocational Education (BTVE) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sport (DECS, now DepEd), based on Republic Act No. 7796 otherwise known as the "Law of Technical Education and Skills Development 1994" is to provide middle level manpower for the industry.
e. Higher education
Higher education is managed by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), based on Republic Act No.. 7722 or the Higher Education Act of 1994. CHED is an independent agency that originated the department level and in cooperation with the Ministry of Education (DepEd). His job is to coordinate the programs of higher education institutions and implementing policies and standards.
Higher Education in the Philippines are classified into state universities and colleges (SUC) and local universities and colleges (LCU). SUCs (State Universities and Colleges) are institutions of public higher education chartered, established by law, managed, and financially subsidized by the government. Lucs (Local Universities and Colleges) are institutions of higher education established and supported financially by local governments.
HEIs (High Education Institutions) are institutions of higher education that is directly under the government agencies specified in the legislation. They provide specialized training in areas such as military science and national defense. While CSI (CHED supervised Institution) is an institution of post secondary public education is not hired by the government, established by law, managed, supervised, and supported financially by the government. The Ogs (Other Government Schools) is a medium educational institutions and post-secondary education, usually a technical-vocational education institutions offering higher education programs.
America as a former colonizer, has a great influence to the development of the Filipino nation. Americans make significant changes to the Philippines. Education system and democracy is built, English became the national public administration system was created and the various transformations "American way" more developed to the Filipino people. However, according to Constantino (1974), an education system that taught by the U.S. is "mis-education" for the Filipino nation. American education makes de-Philippines for the younger generation. They put the culture, values, the American lifestyle as a superior measure to be referred. The story of the triumph of heroic Americans and American institutions of excellence obsessed youth, put model "American society" as the ideal form for the life of the Filipino people. The end result, the Philippines became a friendly market for these products "Made in America".
The impact of this mis-education that might be a big problem for the Philippines today. Philippine progress becomes stagnant despite strong nation already has a variety of different potentials.
The issue of post-War Against Terrorism blaring events of 11 September 2001 and was followed by acts of terror in the areas of government and foreign institutions of the West, it brought also the name of Osama bin Laden as Al-Qaeda founder of suspected international terrorist networks. Besides the U.S. terrorism was prevalent in Southeast Asia, such as the Bali bombing tragedy which happened not long from 911 events in Washington DC, Rizal Day bombings in the Philippines December 30, 2000, as well as successive bombings in Indonesia. The series of terror events in Southeast Asia suspected the existence of terrorist networks in this region, given the incident occurred at moments when critical and strategic areas. But on the way Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore have shown its seriousness in combating such networks in Southeast Asia. However, the Philippines are the countries of destination of terrorism tend to be serious about it. While the Philippines is considered as the most strategic areas as a terrorist funeral.
The Philippines has experienced a prolonged conflict between the Philippine government with the Moro separatists. MNLF (Moro National Liberalization Front) which is a separatist organization in order to prepare the group stronger. Salamat Hashim had just returned from studies at Al Azhar makes this group branched, forming the MILF (Moro Islamic Liberalization Front) is more specific struggle of the Moro Islamic struggle to gain legitimacy independently without any intervention from the Philippine government.
The existence of an Islam-centric MILF facilitate such international terrorist network al-Qaeda and the JI (Jemaah Islamiyah) into it and spread the jihad ideology. Salamat Hashim recruit youths from Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore as well as from the Philippines itself. Factors that led the Philippines to place the terrorist network is easy because, first, since the 1990s is the youth education and training of JI as a military establishment that aims to establish an Islamic State of Indonesia. Second, the government of the Philippines is less effective in its efforts to subdue the movement of terrorists in the country, monitoring the flow of migrants and residents as well as the smuggling of weapons and funds that go through the southern Philippines which is also accessible from Malaysia. And the latter the presence of Moro separatists in the Philippines makes an easy target, because the separatist requires financial support and human resources from donors.
While the process of negotiation between the government and the MILF is not always achieved well, there's always one party who denies the contents of the agreement by attacking MILF camps owned or otherwise by attacking government offices. Conflict is actually the root cause of terrorism in an increasingly strong Moro, as well as some graduate education to the military era Soviet invasion of Afghanistan led to solidarity with other Muslim countries to send Muslim youths in providing military training camps in Afghanistan. Once the conflict is completed, the graduate is then utilized as an educator of young men who recently joined. Education provided in the form of military education by providing knowledge of weapons and bomb assembly.
Analysis, that the Islamic caliphate system of making a great man be a role model for them. How can a Hashim Salamat who has a big name can be a magnet to attract the youth to get into the group. The spread of the ideology is very easy to do, to do lectures at mosques can facilitate delivery to the militant ideology to cling to what it does, the fight in Allah's way and make jihad for the sake of death in the way of Allah SWT.
Besides the countries of Southeast Asia, particularly Indonesia and the Philippines are the countries of low economic level, and level of education that sad. So that it becomes a plus for the founders of the MILF and JI to exploit them for the sake of running a political mission.
Education System in the Philippines

Education System in the Philippines

Education System in the Philippines

Education System in the Philippines

Education System in the Philippines

Education System in the Philippines
Education System in the Philippines: World Educatons
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2 komentar:

  1. According to our Government, the format of the Philippine education will change. They are now enforcing the k-12 basic education where the student will spend 12 years in studying instead of 10 years.

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  2. I'm so happy with your blog site, it contains all the matter with regards to Primary Education Good luck to you and your well performed job. Thanks for keeping us updated with the latest information for Primary School.
    Pre Nursery School,
    Playschool Franchisee,
    Pre Primary Education In India

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